I am not a natural-born technically gifted artist and was never a child prodigy who did wondrous artwork. Things I have taken on in my life have been with a “….I think I can do that” attitude. The strength in my art has always been the ideas behind it; everything else is hard work and to this day I struggle. And it has helped being obsessive about my pursuits.
I am the first American-born member of my core family. It was my grandmother, Cruz Garza, who took that big step and emigrated to Laredo, Texas to escape an existence of hardship at the family ranch, “Los Garzas”, in the Mexican state of Nuevo Leon, only about 60 miles from the border. Though large, the ranch suffered constant drought and the Sabinas River, which flows through it, was usually dry. Only the eldest son, my uncle Jesús and his family, my most immediate Mexican relatives, stayed behind to see to the ranch and remained there. It was during the 1930s that my grandmother brought with her to the U.S. my tías Concepción and Lydia, my tío Juan Manuel and my mother, Adela Garza.
To Adela and my father, Mariano Martínez, also a Mexican immigrant from Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico, I César Augusto Martínez was born on June 4, 1944. I never got to know my father; he died of renal failure in the spring of 1945 before I was even a year old. It is unfortunate that I never got to know that side of the family; interestingly, a family name I inherited from his side is Santa Ana, a name that goes over big here in San Antonio. I was raised in my grandmother’s Laredo household until I left for college in 1964 and became the first in my family to earn a college degree.
I graduated from Texas A&I University in Kingsville, Texas in 1968 with a B.S. Degree in All-Level Art Education. I never had plans to teach and never have; if anything, where art was concerned, the idea of being a professional artist was a mere thought and a college degree provided no road map for that….and actually, all along, my actual ambition was to be a professional Matador (“I think I can do that….”). On and off, I had actually spent time, since high school, training with professional toreros in Nuevo Laredo, Mexico but that ambition would never be fulfilled. The toros thing would surface many years later. Inevitably, I may deal with that aspect of my life on this site….plenty of material available, but not now.
College life for me was basically dodging the draft to stay out of the Army, and especially out of the Viet Nam War. If this sounds political, it wasn’t, I wasn’t politicized yet; I simply didn’t want that intruding into my life. I was trying to run the clock out on that but eventually, I did get drafted into the Army. In 1969, after basic training at Fort Bliss in El Paso and then advanced training as a radio operator at Fort Ord, California, rumors started emanating from the front office about our next deployment and the bad news was that everybody was going to Viet Nam except for two guys….one was going to Germany and the other, which turned out to be me, Korea. I extended my tour of duty there to qualify for an early out and, after 18 months in the army, I went home.
The Army, I realized, runs like clockwork and when we all landed in Seattle/Tacoma, Washington from where we were stationed, to be processed and discharged from the Army, I ran into many of my fellow soldiers from basic training that were also going home, safe and sound after being stationed in Viet Nam. I was very moved to see them alive, especially the one who had sat next to me, silently weeping as our plane left San Antonio for Fort Bliss during that first leg of our military experience.
In the spring of 1971, after my Army stint, I joined friends from college in San Antonio, Texas, a hot-bed of Chicano activism; they were now involved in the Chicano political movement of that time. Rather than be too linear, that and other biographical aspects of my life will be touched upon anecdotally in other parts of this website, as it is all interwoven into the fabric of my work as a whole….and what isn’t biographical, anyway? My expectation is that this web site will be dynamic and in constant flux to shed light on the genesis of my very varied body work. I hope there is enough time to tell that story.
César A. Martínez
Born: Laredo, Texas, 1944
Education Bachelor of Science Degree in All-Level Art Education, Texas A&I University, Kingsville, Texas, 1968
SELECTED SOLO EXHIBITIONS:
2017 – West Kings Highway: The Work of César A. Martínez, the National Museum of Mexican Art, Chicago, IL; curator: Benito Huerta
2015 – Modes, Rustberg Gallery, The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Brownsville, TX César A. Martínez, An Overview: Old and New, North American Gallery, McAllen, TX
2011 – Batos y Más: Recent Work by César A. Martínez, Morgan Gallery, St. Philip’s College, San Antonio, TX
2008 – César A. Martínez & Gaspar Enriquez: New Works, Galería Ortiz Contemporary, San Antonio, TX
2006 – César A. Martínez, Yuma Art Center Museum, Yuma, AZ Vistas of the Frontera: César A. Martínez Paintings, Tucson Museum of Art, Tucson AZ
2001 – César A. Martínez. Student Union Art Gallery, Boise State University, Boise, ID
1999 – César A. Martínez: A Retrospective, The McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, TX; (catalogue)
1999 – César A. Martínez 1999 Artist of the Year, San Antonio Art League Museum, San Antonio, TX; (catalogue)
1998- César A. Martínez: Cultura de South Texas, Art Museum of South Texas, Corpus Christi, TX; curator: Benito Huerta (catalogue)
1997 – New Works: 97.3, Artpace, San Antonio, TX
1995 – César A. Martínez: Reflejos Mestizos, El Paso Museum of Art, El Paso, TX; (catalogue)
1991 – César A. Martínez: Three Major Series, Ben P. Bailey Gallery, Texas A & I University, Kingsville, TX
1990 – César A. Martínez Exhibition, MARS (Movimiento Artístico del Rio Salado), Phoenix, AZ
1990 – César A. Martínez: Mixed Media Paintings, San Angelo Museum of Fine Art, San Angelo, TX
1988 – There’s a Chicano in There Somewhere, Guadalupe Cultural Arts Center, Guadalupe Theater Gallery, San Antonio, TX
SELECTED GROUP EXHIBITIONS
2020 – Ruiz-Healy Art at McNay Print Fair, San Antonio, TX
2019- Between Play and Grief: Selections from the Latino American Collection, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Houston, TX; curator: Mari Carmen Ramirez
2018 – Right Here, Right Now: San Antonio, Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, TX; curators: Dean Daderko and Patricia Restrepo (catalogue)
2015-18 – Icons & Symbols of the Borderland, University of Texas at El Paso Centennial Museum; traveling show to the Mexic-Arte Museum, Austin, TX; Centro de las Artes, San Antonio, TX; the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (UTRGV) Rusteberg Gallery and Brownsville Museum of Art; and the Amarillo Museum of Art; curator: Diana Molina (catalogue)
2017 – Los Latinos de Tejas, the Louise Hopkins Underwood Center for the Arts, Lubbock, TX
2016-17 Papel Chicano Dos: Works on Paper from the Collection of Cheech Marin, Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego, CA; traveling show to Riverside Art Museum, Riverside CA and Philbrook Museum of Art, Tulsa, OK (catalogue)
2016 – Perennial Boundaries, Ruiz-Healy Art, San Antonio, TX (catalogue)
2015 – Recycled, Repurposed, Reborn, Collage and Assemblage, The McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, TX
2015 – The House on Mango Street, Artists Interpret Community, National Museum of Mexican Art, Chicago, IL
2015 – Ruiz-Healy Art at IFPDA Print Fair, New York, NY
2014 – Chicano Dream, Museé D’Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France
2013 – III Bienal Ciudad Juárez/El Paso Biennial 2013, Museo de Arte I.N.B.A de Ciudad Juárez, El Paso Museum of Art, Ciudad Juárez, México, El Paso, TX (catalogue)
2012-16 – Estampas de la Raza: Contemporary Prints from the Romo Collection, The McNay Museum of Art, San Antonio, TX; traveling show to Albuquerque Museum of Art and History; North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, NC; Vincent Price Museum, Los Angeles, CA and National Museum of Mexican Art, Chicago, IL; curator: Lyle W. Williams (catalogue)
2011-14 – Infinite Mirror: Images of American Identity, Syracuse University Art Galleries, Syracuse, NY; traveling show to Thorne-Sagendorph Art Galleries, Keene State College, Keene, NH; UMUC Arts Programs Gallery, University of Maryland, Adelphi, MD; Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Fort Wayne, IN; Newcomb Art Gallery, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA; Lowe Art Museum, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL; James A. Michener Art Museum, Doylestown, PA; Juniata College Museum of Art, Huntington, PA; Richard E. Peeler Art Center at DePauw University, Greencastle, ID. (catalogue)
2009 – American Concepts and Global Visions: Selections from the AT&T Collection, Contemporary Painting and Sculpture, The McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, TX
2008 – American Art Since 1945: In a New Light, The McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, TX; curator: Rene Barrilleaux C/S, Contemporary Chicano Art from the Joe A. Diaz Collection, National Museum of Mexican Art, Chicago, IL
2006 – Texas 100, El Paso Museum of Art, El Paso, TX (catalogue)
2004-07 – ¡Arte Caliente!, The Joe A. Diaz Collection, South Texas Institute for the Arts, Corpus Christi, TX; traveling show to National Hispanic Cultural Center, Albuquerque, NM; San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose, CA; Fort Wayne Museum of Art, Fort Wayne, IN (catalogue)
2002-06- Chicano Visions: American Painters on the Verge, San Antonio Museum of Art, San Antonio, TX; traveling show to National Hispanic Cultural Center, Albuquerque, NM; El Paso Museum of Art, El Paso, TX; Indiana State Museum, Indianapolis, IN; Museum of Contemporary Art San Diego, La Joya, CA; Weisman Art Museum, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN; Mexican Fine Arts Center Museum, Chicago, IL; De young Museum, San Francisco, CA; Museum of Art Fort Lauderdale, Fort Lauderdale, FL; curator: Rene Yañez (catalogue)
2000 – Chispa, Apex Art Curatorial Program, New York City, NY; curator: Luis Jimenez
1998 – Collective Visions, San Antonio Museum of Art, San Antonio, TX
1997 – Tres Proyectos Latinos, Austin Museum of Art, Laguna Gloria, Austin, TX; curator: Benito Huerta, Víctor Zamudio Taylor, Henry Estrada, Kathy Vargas Finders Keepers, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX; (catalogue)
1996 – Texas Modern and Post-Modern, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX; curator: Alison de Lima Greene
1993-96 Ceremony of Spirit: Nature and Memory in Contemporary Latino Art. The Mexican Museum, San Francisco, CA; traveling show to Austin Museum of Art at Laguna Gloria, Austin, TX; Huino’eah Visual Arts Center, Makawao, HI; Fullerton Art Center, Fullerton, CA; Boise Art Museum, Boise, ID; Studio Museum in Harlem, NY; Fresno Metropolitan Museum, Fresno, CA; curator: Amalia MesaBains (catalogue).
1993-95 Art of the Other México: Sources and Meanings, organized by Mexican Fine Arts Center Museum, Chicago; traveling show to Museo de Arte Moderno, México, D.F., México; Museo Regional de Santo Domingo, Oaxaca, México; Centro Cultural Tijuana, Tijuana, Baja California, México; Palm Springs Desert Museum, Palm Springs, CA; Museo del Barrio, New York, NY; Yerbabuena Cultural Center, San Francisco, CA; curators: René H. Arceo-Frutos, Juana Guzman, and Dr. Amalia Mesa Bains (catalogue)
1993-94 La Frontera/The Border: Art About the Mexico/United States Border Experience. Museum of Contemporary Art, San Diego, CA; traveling show to Centro Cultural de Tijuana, Tijuana, México; Tacoma Art Museum, Tacoma, WA; Scottsdale Center for the arts, Scottsdale, AZ; Neuberger Museum, State University of New York at Purchase, NY; San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose, CA; curators: Patricio Chávez, Madeleine Grynsztejn, and Kathryn Kanjo (catalogue)
1993 –Sin Frontera: Chicano Arts from the Border States of the United States, Greater Manchester Arts Centre Limited, Manchester, England (catalogue)
1993 – Texas Contemporary: Acquisitions of the 90’s, The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
1992 – New Texas Art: 20 Contemporary Texas Artists, Cheney Cowles Museum, Spokane, Washington (catalogue)
1991 – Border Issues: Negotiations and Identity, Arlington, TX: Center for Research in Contemporary ART University of Texas (catalogue)
1991 – Target: South Texas/The World Outside, Art Museum of South Texas, Corpus Christi, TX (catalogue)
1991 – A Sense of Place: Recent Acquisitions in Contemporary Texas Art, San Antonio Museum of Art, San Antonio, TX
1990-93 – Chicano Art: Resistance and Affirmation, 1965-1985, organized by the Wight Art Gallery, University of California, Los Angeles and CARA National Advisory Committee; traveling show to San Francisco Museum of Modern Art; Fresno Art Museum; Tucson Museum of Art; Denver Art Museum; Albuquerque Museum of Art and History; National Museum of American Art, Washington, DC; Bronx Museum of the Arts, New York; El Paso Museum of Art and San Antonio Museum of Art, (catalogue)
1990 – 15 Pintores y 3 Escultores Tejanos, Artists Mexicano-Norteamericanos, Museo de Alvar y Carmen T. de Carillo-Gill (catalogue)
1987-89 – Hispanic Art in the United States: Thirty Contemporary Painters and Sculptors, organized by the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston and the Corcoran Art Gallery, Washington, DC; traveling show to Lowe Art Museum in Miami, the Museum of Fine Arts in Santa Fe, the Centro Cultural de Arte Contemporáneo in Mexico City, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and the Brooklyn Art Museum; curators: John Beardsley and Jane Livingston (catalogue)
1989 – Influence, Part II, San Antonio Museum of Art, San Antonio, TX (catalogue)
1986 – Chicano Expressions, INTAR Latin American Art Gallery, New York City, NY (catalogue)
1985-87 ¡Mira! The Tradition Continues, Museo del Barrio, New York, NY, The Hyde Park Art Center, Chicago, IL; The Cuban Museum of Art and Culture, Miami, FL; Culler Center, Houston, TX; Arvada Center, Denver, CO; Plaza de la Raza, Los Angeles, CA. (catalogue)
1983 – Showdown, Part II, The Alternative Museum, New York City, NY (catalogue) Tejano, Fondo del Sol, Washington, D.C.
1981 – Quinta Bienal del Grabado Latinoamericano, Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña, San Juan, Puerto Rico (catalogue
1979 – FIRE: One-Hundred Texas Artists, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX (catalogue)
1977 – Dale Gas: Chicano Art of Texas, Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX; curator: Santos Martinez, Jr. (catalogue)
1976 – Tejano Artists, an Exhibit of Mexican-American Art, Electric Tower Display Gallery, Houston, TX; traveling show to the Institute of Texas Cultures, Hemisfair Plaza,San Antonio, TX; La Lomita Museum of Fine Art, Mission, TX; First Federal Display Plaza, Austin, TX
1977-78 Ancient Roots/New Visions, Tucson Museum of Art, Tucson, AZ; traveling show to National Collection of Fine Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.; Albuquerque Museum of Art and History, Albuquerque, NM; El Paso Museum of Art, El Paso, TX; Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Los Angeles, CA; Blaffer Gallery, University of Houston, Houston, TX; Colorado Spring Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, CO; Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, NY; Witte Museum, San Antonio, TX; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, IL; Palacio de Mineria, Mexico D.F, México; curators: Marc Zuver and Rebecca Kelley Crumlish (catalogue).
1997 – Artpace International Artist in Residence Program, San Antonio, TX
1999 – Visual Arts, Visiting Artist, University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX
HONORS AND AWARDS
1985 – Best Painting, Museo del Barrio, New York City, NY
1999 – Retrospective at the McNay Art Museum, San Antonio, TX
1999 – Artist of the Year, San Antonio Art League Museum, San Antonio, TX
2017 – Distinction in the Arts Award, City of San Antonio Department of Arts & Culture, San Antonio, TX
Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
San Antonio Museum of Art, San Antonio, TX
Mexican Fine Arts Center Museum, Chicago, IL
El Paso Museum of Art, El Paso, TX
Art Museum of South Texas, Corpus Christi, TX
Museum of TTU Association, Lubbock, TX
Center for The Arts, Vero Beach, FL
Linda Pace Foundation, San Antonio, TX
The McNay, San Antonio, TX
Polk Museum of Art, Lakeland, FL
Austin Museum of Art, Austin, TX
The University of Texas at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX
Brownsville Museum of Fine Art, Brownsville, TX
Museum of Latin American Art, Long Beach, CA
Anspon, Catherine D. “From South Africa, South Texas, Herman and Martinez Shows, Two Enthrall.” Public News, June 19, 1996.
Applebome, Peter. “Art:The varied palette of Hispanic art in America.” The New York Times, June 21, 1987.
Bernstein, Ellen. “The Color of Culture.” Corpus Christi Caller-Times, October 4, 1998.
Castillo, Rafael. “Portrait of the Artist as a Young Bato.” San Antonio Current, August 5, 1999.
Cordova, Ruben C. “Con Safo, San Antonio’s Chicano Artists Group and Its Legacy.” Artlies, Winter 1999.
Cotter, Holland. “Touching on the Breadth of Hispanic Art Today.” The New York Times, August 23, 1996.
Crossley, Mimi. “Dale Gas at Contemporary Arts Museum.” Art in America, 1978.
Ennis, Michael. “Moving Pictures.” Texas Monthly, July 1993.
Flores, Nancy. “U.S.-Mexico border imagery shines in ‘Icons & Symbols of the Borderland’ exhibit.” Austin American-Statesman, Sep 23, 2018
Frohman, Mark. “Cesar Martinez/Marilyn Lanfear at Lynn Goode Gallery, Houston, TX.” Art News, October 1993.
Goddard, Dan R. “Igual pero diferente.” Latin American Art Magazine. Summer 1992.
Goddard, Dan R. “Blending Cultures.” San Antonio Express-News, November 18, 1998.
Guerra, Carlos. “The Dangerous Art and Quiet Life of Cesar Martinez.” Commercial Recorder, April 19, 1990.
Huerta, Benito. “Cesar Martinez.” Artlies, Winter 1997-1998.
Johnson, Patricia C. “Texas Artists Inspired by Forms from Folk Religion.” Houston Chronicle, September 10, 1990.
Kutner, Janet. “Texas Talent in New York.” The Dallas Morning News, May 27, 1983.
McCombie, Mel. “Surveying the Range.” Artweek, June 1987.
Moser, Charlotte. “Barrio to Museum.” Houston Chronicle. August 21, 1977.
Mitchell, Charles Dee. “Fronteras Gracefully Crosses Artistic Borders.” The Dallas Observer, June 19, 1986.
Noriega, Chon A. “The Orphans of Modernism.” Aztlan: A Journal of Chicano Studies, Fall 2007.
Raynor, Vivien. “Review of ¡Mira!” The New York Times, January 4, 1986.
Richard, Paul. “From Pachucos to Vaqueros.” The Washington Post, April 15, 1983.
Sheffield, Susana. “Chulas Fronteras.” Artscene, Fall 1987.
Sorell, Victor Alejandro. “Citings from a Brave New World: The Art of the Other Mexico.” The New Art Examiner, May 1994.
Tavera King. Ben. “Martinez’s Art has South Texas Focus.” San Antonio Express News, April 1989.
Weil Atwell, Wendy. “Cesar A. Martinez Interviewed.” Artlies, Fall 1999.
Books Alvarado, Joaquin, Mary Erikson, Kaytie Johnson, and Gary D. Keller. Contemporary Chicana and Chicano Art, Volumes I and II. Tempe: Bilingual Press Arizona State University Press, 2002.
Beardsley, John, Jane Livingston, and Octavio Paz. Hispanic Art in the United States: Thirty Contemporary Painters & Sculptors. New York: Abbeville Press, 1987
Cardona, Jacinto Jesus. “Bato con Khakis.” In Heart to Heart, New Poems Inspired by Twentieth Century American Art, edited by Jan Greenberg. New York: Harry N Abrams Incorporated, 2001.
Carey Martin, Laura, et al. American Images, the SBC Collection of Twentieth-Century American Art. New York: Harry N. Abrams Incorporated, 1996.
Castillo, Richard Griswold Del; McKenna, Teresa; Yarbro-Bejarano, Yvonne, eds. Chicano Art: Resistance and Affirmation. Los Angeles, California: Wight Art Gallery, 1991.
Chávez, Patricio, Madeleine Grynsztejn, and Kathryn Kanjo. La Frontera/ The Border: Art About the Mexico/United States Border Experience. San Diego: Centro Cultural de la Raza, 1993.
Cordova, Ruben Charles. Con Safo: the Chicano art group and the politics of South Texas. Los Angeles: UCLA Chicano Studies Research Center Press, 2009.
Covo Johnson, Patricia. Contemporary Art in Texas. Australia: Craftsman House, 1994.
Cuba, Nan and Riley Robinson. Art at our Doorstep. San Antonio: Trinity University Press, 2008.
Daderko, Dean. Curator’s Essay. Houston: Contemporary Arts Museum of Houston, 2018.
De Lima Greene, Alison. Texas 150: Works from the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Incorporated, 2000.
Erikson, Mary, Gary D. Keller, and Pat Villenueve. Chicano Art for our Millennium. Tempe: Bilingual Press, Arizona State University, 2004.
Gaspar, de A. A. Chicano Art: Inside-outside the Master’s House: Cultural Politics and the Cara Exhibition. Austin: The University of Texas Press, 2003.
Gilb, Dagoberto. Hecho en Tejas, An Anthology of Texas Mexican Literature. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2006.
Goldman, Shifra M. and Tomas Ybarra-Fraustro. Arte Chicano- A comprehensive Annotated Bibliography of Chicano Art, 1965-1981.
Berkeley: Chicano Studies Library Publications Unit, 1985. —. Dimensions of the Americas, Art and Social Change in Latin America and the United States, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994.
Gonzalez, Rita. Phantom Sightings: Art after the Chicano Movement. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008.
Heartney, Eleanor, Katherine Kanjo, Linda Pace, Jan Jarboe Russell. Dreaming Red: Creating Artpace. San Antonio: Artpace, A Foundation for Contemporary Art, 2003.
Jackson, Carlos Francisco. Chicano and Chicana Art, The American Experience. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2009.
Keller, Gary D. and Amy Phillips. Triumph of our Communities: Four Decades of Mexican American Art, Tempe: Bilingual Press, Arizona State University, 2005.
Lippard, Lucy R. Mixed Blessings-New Art in a Multicultural America. New York: Pantheon Books, 1990.
Marin, Cheech, Max Benavidez, Constance Cortez, and Terecita Romo. Chicano Visions: American Painters on the Verge. Boston: Little Brown and Co, 2002.
Marin, Cheech, and Patty Habeman. Papel Chicano: Works on Paper from the Collection of Cheech Marin. Mesa, Arizona: Mesa Contemporary Arts at Mesa Arts Center, 2007.
Martínez, César Augusto. “El Mestizo,” in Border Issues: Negotiations and Identity. Arlington, TX: Center for Research in Contemporary ART (CRCA), University of Texas, 1991.
Martínez, Santos. Dale Gas: Chicano Art of Texas. Houston: Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, TX, 1977.
Marzio, Peter C, Michael K. Brown, Kathleen V. Jameson, and Diane Lovejoy. American Art and Philanthropy: Twenty Years of Collecting at the Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010.
Mesa-Bains, Amalia. “Art of the Other México: Sources and Meanings/ Arte del Otro México: Fuentes y Significados.” In Art of the Other México: Sources and Meanings, edited by Amalia Mesa-Bains, René H. Arceo-Frutos, and Juana Guzmán. Chicago: Mexican Fine Arts Center Museum, 1993. —. Ceremony of Spirit: Nature and Memory in Contemporary Latino Art. San Francisco: Mexican Museum, 1993.
Molina, Diana. Icons & Symbols of the Borderland: Art from the Us-Mexico Crossroads. Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing, Ltd., 2020.
Quirarte, Jacinto. “An Interview with César A. Martinez.” In César A. Martínez: A Retrospective. San Antonio, TX: McNay, Marion Koogler McNay Art Museum, 1999. —. The Art and Architecture of the Texas Missions. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2002.
Shorris, Earl. Latinos. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 1992.
Williams, Lyle W. Estampas de la Raza: Contemporary Prints from the Romo Collection. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2012.
Zuber, Marc and Rebecca Kelley Crumlish. Ancient Roots, New Visions: Raíces Antiguas, Visiones Nuevas. Tucson: Tucson Museum of Art, 1977.